Springwood High School logo

Springwood High School

Springwood High School

A School for All

Telephone02 4751 2111


Bibliographies and Referencing


A BIBLIOGRAPHY is a list of resources you have used in your research.


The aim of a bibliography is:

  • To show where you obtained information and acknowledge your sources
  • To allow your readers to find this information if they need to   

Well known methods include the American Psychological Association  (APA) and  Harvard ( better known as they author-date system.

Always check with your teacher to find out which system they want you to use

Follow the link for help in using APA or Harvard


Know your terminology

In-text referencing - acknowledging sources of information within the body of your work.

Bibliography or reference list - a listing of sources of information which is included at the end of your work.

Bibliography - a complete listing of all sources of information which were relevant to the topic - even if you did not refer to them in your report or essay.

Reference list - a listing of all the sources of information that you referred to in your essay or report. Items on your reference list must also appear in your in-text referencing.