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A guide to referencing based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 6th edition.

    The purpose of documentation is to:

  • Identify (cite) other people's ideas and information used within your essay or report 
  • Indicate the authors or sources of these in a References list at the end of your paper.

 APA Citation Style 6th edit (pdf, 221 KB) by  the RDC  Library is an excellent 4 page summary of the APA syle


 A Brief Guide to the APA                                  Referencing Style   



 The Style Wizard

An Online Bibliography Creator. This tool will walk you through the steps of creating the correct APA format


CSU   – Guide to referencing and in-text citation

A comprehensive overview about how to create in-text citations and bibliographies

 Basics of the APA Style

An online tutorial published by the American Psychological Association teaching the basic APA style

 QUT Cite Write APA Style 

A comprehensive overview from the Queensland University of technology of APA style for both referencing and writing formats




For example - The general format below refers to a book with one author. 


If you are dealing with one editor instead of one author, you would simply insert the editor's name in the place where the author's name is now, followed by "(Ed.)" without the quotation marks.  The rest of the format would remain the same.


General Format 


      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

      (Author Surname, Year)


      In-Text Citation (Quotation):

      (Author Surname, Year, page number)



      Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Book title: Subtitle. Place of

            Publication: Publisher.



         In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

      (Franks, 2005)


       In-Text Citation (Quotation):


      (Franks, 2005, p. 148)



      Franks, A. (2005). Margaret Sanger's eugenic legacy: The control of female fertility.

            Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company.